|On This Day|
Today is 25 May 2017, and this is some of what happened.
Events567 BC - Servius Tullius, the king of Rome, celebrates a triumph for his victory over the Etruscans.
240 BC - First recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
1085 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain, back from the Moors.
1420 - Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ.
1521 - The Diet of Worms ends when Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Martin Luther an outlaw.
1644 - Ming general Wu Sangui forms an alliance with the invading Manchus and opens the gates of the Great Wall of China at Shanhaiguan pass, letting the Manchus through towards the capital Beijing.
1659 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth of England.
1660 - Charles II lands at Dover at the invitation of the Convention Parliament (England), which marks the end of the Cromwell-proclaimed Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland and begins the Restoration (1660) of the British monarchy.
1738 - A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
1798 - United Irishmen Rebellion: Battle of Carlow begins; executions of suspected rebels at Carnew and at Dunlavin Green take place.
1809 - Chuquisaca Revolution: Patriot revolt in Chuquisaca (modern day Sucre) against the Spanish Empire, sparking the Latin American wars of independence.
1810 - May Revolution: citizens of Buenos Aires expel Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros during the May week, starting the Argentine War of Independence.
1819 - The Argentine Constitution of 1819 is promulgated.
1833 - The Chilean Constitution of 1833 is promulgated.
1837 - The Rebels of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for governmental reforms.
1865 - In Mobile, Alabama, 300 are killed when an ordnance depot explodes.
1878 - Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera H.M.S. Pinafore opens at the Opera Comique in London.
1895 - The playwright, poet, and novelist Oscar Wilde is convicted of "committing acts of gross indecency with other male persons" and sentenced to serve two years in prison.
1895 - The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as its president.
1914 - The House of Commons of the United Kingdom passes the Home Rule Bill for devolution in Ireland.
1925 - Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is indicted for teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in Tennessee.
1926 - Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the government of the Ukrainian People's Republic, which is in government-in-exile in Paris.
1935 - Jesse Owens of Ohio State University breaks three world records and ties a fourth at the Big Ten Conference Track and Field Championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
1936 - The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins.
1938 - Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
1940 - World War II: The German 2nd Panzer Division captures the port of Boulogne-sur-Mer; the surrender of the last French and British troops marks the end of the Battle of Boulogne.
1946 - The parliament of Transjordan makes Abdullah I of Jordan their Emir.
1950 - Public transport: Green Hornet disaster. A Chicago Surface Lines streetcar crashes into a fuel truck, killing 33.
1953 - At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conducts its first and only nuclear artillery test.
1953 - The first public television station in the United States officially begins broadcasting as KUHT from the campus of the University of Houston.
1955 - In the United States, a night-time F5 tornado strikes the small city of Udall, Kansas, killing 80 and injuring 273. It is the deadliest tornado to ever occur in the state and the 23rd deadliest in the U.S.
1955 - First ascent of Kangchenjunga (8,586 m.), the third-highest mountain in the world, by a British expedition led by Charles Evans. Joe Brown and George Band reached the summit on May 25, followed by Norman Hardie and Tony Streather the next day.
1961 - Apollo program: U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces before a special joint session of the Congress his goal to initiate a project to put a "man on the Moon" before the end of the decade.
1961 - The Bukit Ho Swee Fire, the biggest fire in Singapore history.
1962 - The Old Bay Line, the last overnight steamboat service in the United States, goes out of business.
1963 - In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the Organisation of African Unity is established.
1966 - Explorer program: Explorer 32 launches.
1966 - The first prominent dàzìbào during the Cultural Revolution in China is posted at Peking University.
1967 - Celtic F.C. from Glasgow, Scotland, becomes the first ever Northern European team to win the European Cup; with previous winners being from Spain, Italy and Portugal.
1968 - The Gateway Arch in Saint Louis is dedicated.
1973 - HNS Velos, while participating in a NATO exercise and in order to protest against the dictatorship in Greece, anchored at Fiumicino, Italy, refusing to return to Greece.
1977 - Star Wars is released in theaters.
1977 - Chinese government removes a decade old ban on William Shakespeare's work, effectively ending the Cultural Revolution started in 1966.
1979 - American Airlines Flight 191: In Chicago, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 crashes during takeoff at O'Hare International Airport killing all 271 on board and two people on the ground.
1979 - Etan Patz, who is six years old, disappears from the street just two blocks away from his home in New York City, prompting an international search for the child, and causing the U.S. President Ronald Reagan to designate May 25 as National Missing Children's Day (in 1983).
1981 - In Riyadh, the Gulf Cooperation Council is created between Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
1982 - HMS Coventry is sunk during the Falklands War.
1985 - Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge, which kills approximately 10,000 people.
1986 - Hands Across America takes place.
1993 - International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia is founded.
1997 - A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koromah.
1999 - The United States House of Representatives releases the Cox Report which details the People's Republic of China's nuclear espionage against the U.S. over the prior two decades.
2000 - Liberation Day of Lebanon. Israel withdraws its army from Lebanese territory (except for the disputed Shebaa farms zone) 22 years after its invasion in 1978.
2001 - Erik Weihenmayer, 32 years old, of Boulder, Colorado, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
2002 - China Airlines Flight 611 disintegrates in mid-air and crashes into the Taiwan Strait. All 225 people on board are killed.
2008 - NASA's Phoenix lander lands in Green Valley region of Mars to search for environments suitable for water and microbial life.
2009 - North Korea allegedly tests its second nuclear device. Following the nuclear test, Pyongyang also conducted several missile tests building tensions in the international community.
2011 - Oprah Winfrey airs her last show, ending her twenty-five-year run of The Oprah Winfrey Show.
2012 - The Dragon became the first commercial spacecraft to successfully rendezvous with the International Space Station.
2013 - Suspected Maoist rebels kill at least 28 people and injure 32 others in an attack on a convoy of Indian National Congress politicians in Chhattisgarh, India.
2013 - A gas cylinder explodes on a school bus in the Pakistani city of Gujrat, killing at least 18 people.
Births1048 - Emperor Shenzong of Song (died 1085)
1334 - Emperor Suki of Japan (died 1398)
1458 - Mahmud Begada, Indian sultan (died 1511)
1572 - Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (died 1632)
1606 - Charles Garnier, French missionary and saint (died 1649)
1661 - Claude Buffier, Polish-French historian and philosopher (died 1737)
1713 - John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, Scottish politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (died 1792)
1725 - Samuel Ward, American politician, 31st Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island (died 1776)
1749 - Gregorio Funes, Argentinian priest, historian, and academic (died 1829)
1783 - Philip Pendleton Barbour, American farmer and politician, 12th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (died 1841)
1791 - Minh Ming, Vietnamese emperor (died 1841)
1803 - Edward Bulwer-Lytton, English author, playwright, and politician, Secretary of State for the Colonies (died 1873)
1803 - Ralph Waldo Emerson, American poet and philosopher (died 1882)
1818 - Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss historian and academic (died 1897)
1818 - Louise de Broglie, Countess d'Haussonville, French essayist and biographer (died 1882)
1830 - Trebor Mai (né Robert Williams), Welsh poet (died 1877)
1845 - Lip Pike, American baseball player and manager (died 1893)
1846 - Naim Frashëri, Albanian-Turkish poet and translator (died 1900)
1846 - Princess Helena of the United Kingdom (died 1923)
1848 - Johann Baptist Singenberger, Swiss composer, educator, and publisher (died 1924)
1852 - William Muldoon, American wrestler and trainer (died 1933)
1856 - Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, Algerian-French general (died 1942)
1860 - James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist and academic (died 1944)
1865 - John Mott, American evangelist and saint, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1955)
1865 - Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1943)
1867 - Anders Peter Nielsen, Danish target shooter (died 1950)
1869 - Robbie Ross, Canadian journalist, art critic and Oscar Wilde friend and literary executor (died 1918)
1869 - Mathilde Verne, English pianist and educator (died 1936)
1877 - Billy Murray, American singer and actor (died 1954)
1878 - Bill Robinson, American actor and dancer (died 1949)
1879 - Max Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook, Canadian-English businessman and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (died 1964)
1879 - William Stickney, American golfer (died 1944)
1880 - Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist and academic (died 1967)
1882 - Marie Doro, American actress (died 1956)
1883 - Carl Johan Lind, Swedish hammer thrower (died 1965)
1886 - Rash Behari Bose, Indian soldier and activist (died 1945)
1886 - Philip Murray, Scottish-American miner and labor leader (died 1952)
1887 - Pio of Pietrelcina, Italian priest and saint (died 1968)
1888 - Miles Malleson, English actor and screenwriter (died 1969)
1889 - Günther Lütjens, German admiral (died 1941)
1889 - Igor Sikorsky, Russian-American aircraft designer, founded Sikorsky Aircraft (died 1972)
1897 - Alan Kippax, Australian cricketer (died 1972)
1897 - Gene Tunney, American boxer and soldier (died 1978)
1898 - Bennett Cerf, American publisher, co-founded Random House (died 1971)
1899 - Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, author, and flute player (died 1976)
1900 - Alain Grandbois, Canadian poet and author (died 1975)
1903 - Binnie Barnes, English-American actress and singer (died 1998)
1907 - U Nu, Burmese politician, 1st Prime Minister of Burma (died 1995)
1908 - Theodore Roethke, American poet (died 1963)
1909 - Alfred Kubel, German politician, 5th Prime Minister of Lower Saxony (died 1999)
1909 - Marie Menken, American actress, director, and painter (died 1970)
1912 - Princess Deokhye of Korea (died 1989)
1912 - Dean Rockwell, American commander, wrestler, and coach (died 2005)
1913 - Heinrich Bär, German colonel and pilot (died 1957)
1913 - Richard Dimbleby, English journalist and producer (died 1965)
1916 - Brian Dickson, Canadian captain, lawyer, and politician, 15th Chief Justice of Canada (died 1998)
1916 - Giuseppe Tosi, Italian discus thrower (died 1981)
1917 - Steve Cochran, American actor (died 1965)
1917 - Theodore Hesburgh, American priest, theologian, and academic (died 2015)
1920 - Archduchess Dorothea of Austria (died 2015)
1920 - Arthur Wint, Jamaican runner and diplomat (died 1992)
1921 - Hal David, American songwriter and composer (died 2012)
1921 - Kitty Kallen, American singer and actress (died 2016)
1921 - Jack Steinberger, German-Swiss physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1922 - Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (died 1984)
1924 - István Nyers, French-Hungarian footballer (died 2005)
1925 - Rosario Castellanos, Mexican poet and author (died 1974)
1925 - Jeanne Crain, American actress and singer (died 2003)
1925 - Eldon Griffiths, English journalist and politician (died 2014)
1925 - Don Liddle, American baseball player (died 2000)
1926 - Claude Akins, American actor (died 1994)
1926 - William Bowyer, English painter and academic (died 2015)
1926 - Phyllis Gotlieb, Canadian author and poet (died 2009)
1926 - David Wynne, English sculptor and painter (died 2014)
1927 - Robert Ludlum, American soldier and author (died 2001)
1927 - Norman Petty, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (died 1984)
1929 - Warren Frost, American actor
1929 - Ann Robinson, American actress
1929 - Beverly Sills, American soprano and actress (died 2007)
1931 - Herb Gray, Canadian lawyer and politician, 7th Deputy Prime Minister of Canada (died 2014)
1931 - Georgy Grechko, Russian engineer and astronaut
1931 - Aili Jõgi, Estonian activist
1931 - Irwin Winkler, American director and producer
1932 - Roger Bowen, American actor and author (died 1996)
1932 - John Gregory Dunne, American novelist, screenwriter, and critic (died 2003)
1932 - K. C. Jones, American basketball player and coach
1932 - Steve Rossi, American comedian and actor (died 2014)
1933 - Romuald Klim, Belarusian hammer thrower (died 2011)
1933 - Sarah Marshall, English-American actress (died 2014)
1933 - Basdeo Panday, Trinidadian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago
1933 - Ray Spencer, English footballer
1933 - Jógvan Sundstein, Faroese accountant and politician, 7th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
1935 - John Ffowcs Williams, Welsh engineer and academic
1935 - Cookie Gilchrist, American football player (died 2011)
1935 - W. P. Kinsella, Canadian novelist and short story writer
1935 - Victoria Shaw, Australian-American actress (died 1988)
1936 - Tom T. Hall, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1936 - Rusi Surti, Indian cricketer (died 2013)
1937 - Tom Phillips, English painter and academic
1938 - Raymond Carver, American short story writer and poet (died 1988)
1938 - Margaret Forster, English historian, author, and critic (died 2016)
1938 - Malcolm Innes of Edingight
1938 - Geoffrey Robinson, English businessman and politician
1939 - Dixie Carter, American actress and singer (died 2010)
1939 - Ian McKellen, English actor and screenwriter
1940 - Nobuyoshi Araki, Japanese photographer
1941 - Vladimir Voronin, Moldovan economist and politician, 3rd President of Moldova
1943 - Jessi Colter, American singer-songwriter and pianist
1943 - John Palmer, English keyboard player (Family, Eclection, and Blossom Toes)
1943 - Leslie Uggams, American actress and singer
1944 - Digby Anderson, English journalist and philosopher
1944 - Pierre Bachelet, French singer-songwriter (died 2005)
1944 - John Bunnell, American police officer, television host, and actor
1944 - Charlie Harper, English singer-songwriter and producer (U.K. Subs)
1944 - Robert MacPherson, American mathematician and academic
1944 - Frank Oz, English-American puppeteer, voice actor, and director
1944 - Chris Ralston, English rugby player
1946 - Bill Adam, Scottish-Canadian race car driver
1946 - David A. Hargrave, American game designer, created Arduin (died 1988)
1947 - Mitch Margo, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Tokens)
1947 - Karen Valentine, American actress
1947 - Catherine G. Wolf, American psychologist and computer scientist
1948 - Marianne Elliott, Northern Irish historian, author, and academic
1948 - Klaus Meine, German singer-songwriter and guitarist (Scorpions)
1948 - Bob Shearer, Australian golfer and architect
1949 - Jamaica Kincaid, Antiguan-American novelist, short story writer, and essayist
1949 - Barry Windsor-Smith, English painter and illustrator
1950 - Robby Steinhardt, American rock violinist and singer (Kansas)
1951 - Bob Gale, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1952 - Jeffrey Bewkes, American businessman
1952 - Nick Fotiu, American ice hockey player and coach
1952 - David Jenkins, Trinidadian-Scottish runner
1952 - Al Sarrantonio, American author and publisher
1952 - Gordon H. Smith, American businessman and politician
1953 - Eve Ensler, American playwright and producer
1953 - Daniel Passarella, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
1953 - Stan Sakai, Japanese-American author and illustrator
1953 - D. A. Weibring, American golfer
1954 - Murali, Indian actor, producer, and politician (died 2009)
1955 - Alistair Burt, English lawyer and politician
1955 - Connie Sellecca, American model, actress, and producer
1956 - Stavros Arnaoutakis, Greek politician
1956 - Tatsutoshi Goto, Japanese wrestler
1956 - Sugar Minott, Jamaican singer and producer (died 2010)
1956 - David P. Sartor, American composer and conductor
1957 - Alastair Campbell, English journalist and author
1957 - Edward Lee, American author
1957 - Robert Picard, Canadian ice hockey player
1957 - Hillary born Smith, American actress and producer
1958 - Katerina Batzeli, Greek politician
1958 - Zahida Manzoor, English businesswoman
1958 - Paul Weller, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Jam and The Style Council)
1959 - Julian Clary, English comedian, actor, and author
1959 - Manolis Kefalogiannis, Greek politician
1959 - Rick Wamsley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1960 - Amy Klobuchar, American lawyer and politician
1960 - Anthea Turner, English journalist and television host
1962 - Carolyn Kawasaki, American entertainer
1962 - Ric Nattress, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
1963 - George Hickenlooper, American director and producer (died 2010)
1963 - Mike Myers, Canadian-American actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter
1963 - Eha Rünne, Estonian shot putter and discus thrower
1964 - Ivan Bella, Slovak colonel, pilot, and astronaut
1964 - David Shaw, Canadian-American ice hockey player
1964 - Ray Stevenson, Northern Irish actor
1965 - Yahya Jammeh, Gambian colonel and politician, President of the Gambia
1966 - Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands
1967 - Poppy Z. Brite, American author
1967 - Mark Rosewater, American screenwriter and illustrator
1968 - Kendall Gill, American basketball player, boxer, and sportscaster
1969 - Glen Drover, Canadian guitarist and songwriter (Megadeth, Eidolon, and King Diamond)
1969 - Anne Heche, American actress, director, and screenwriter
1969 - Stacy London, American journalist and author
1970 - Robert Croft, Welsh-English cricketer and sportscaster
1970 - Sandra Dopfer, Austrian tennis player
1970 - Joey Eischen, American baseball player and coach
1970 - Jamie Kennedy, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1970 - Octavia Spencer, American actress
1970 - Satsuki Yukino, Japanese voice actress and singer
1971 - Stefano Baldini, Italian runner
1971 - Marco Cappato, Italian politician
1971 - Justin Henry, American actor
1972 - Hikari Ishida, Japanese actress
1972 - Karan Johar, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1973 - Daz Dillinger, American rapper and producer (Tha Dogg Pound)
1973 - Al-Saadi Gaddafi, Libyan footballer
1973 - Demetri Martin, American actor and comedian
1973 - Molly Sims, American model and actress
1974 - Dougie Freedman, Scottish footballer and manager
1974 - Frank Klepacki, American drummer and composer (Home Cookin' and I Am)
1974 - Miguel Tejada, Dominican-American baseball player
1975 - Blaise Nkufo, Congolese-Swiss footballer
1976 - Tarik Glenn, American football player
1976 - Stefan Holm, Swedish high jumper
1976 - Cillian Murphy, Irish actor
1976 - Erki Pütsep, Estonian cyclist
1976 - Marcelo José da Silva, Brazilian footballer
1976 - Ethan Suplee, American actor
1976 - Miguel Zepeda, Mexican footballer
1977 - Karthi, Indian actor and singer
1977 - Andre Anis, Estonian footballer
1977 - Alberto Del Rio, Mexican-American mixed martial artist and wrestler
1978 - Brian Urlacher, American football player
1979 - Carlos Bocanegra, American soccer player
1979 - Sayed Moawad, Egyptian footballer
1979 - Caroline Ouellette, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1979 - Sam Sodje, English-Nigerian footballer
1979 - Jonny Wilkinson, English rugby player
1980 - Joe King, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Fray)
1980 - David Navarro, Spanish footballer
1981 - Michalis Pelekanos, Greek basketball player
1982 - Adam Boyd, English footballer
1982 - Daniel Braaten, Norwegian footballer
1982 - Ryan Gallant, American skateboarder
1982 - Roger Guerreiro, Polish footballer
1982 - Justin Hodges, Australian rugby league player
1982 - Ezekiel Kemboi, Kenyan runner
1982 - Jason Kubel, American baseball player
1982 - Stacey Pensgen, American figure skater and meteorologist
1982 - Luke Webster, Australian footballer
1983 - Tiago Cardoso Fonseca Brazilian footballer
1983 - Aleksandr Petrov, Estonian ice hockey player
1984 - Luke Ball, Australian footballer
1984 - Kyle Brodziak, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 - A. J. Foyt IV, American race car driver
1984 - Shawne Merriman, American football player
1984 - Marion Raven, Norwegian singer-songwriter and actress (M2M)
1984 - Unnur Birna Vilhjálmsdóttir, Icelandic model and actress, Miss World 2005
1985 - Luciana Abreu, Portuguese singer and actress (2B)
1985 - Demba Ba, French footballer
1985 - Gert Kams, Estonian footballer
1985 - Roman Reigns, American football player and wrestler
1986 - Edewin Fanini, Brazilian footballer
1986 - Yoan Gouffran, French footballer
1986 - Neon Hitch, English singer-songwriter
1986 - Geraint Thomas, Welsh cyclist
1986 - Juri Ueno, Japanese actress
1987 - Timothy Derijck, Belgian footballer
1987 - Yves De Winter, Belgian footballer
1987 - Moritz Stehling, German footballer
1987 - Daisuke Ueda, Japanese model
1988 - Elle Fowler, American blogger
1988 - Cameron van der Burgh, South African swimmer
1989 - Karel Tammjärv, Estonian skier
1990 - Bo Dallas, American wrestler
1990 - Nikita Filatov, Russian ice hockey player
1991 - Jillian Wheeler, American singer-songwriter and actress
1993 - James Porter, English cricketer
1994 - Nanase Nishino, Japanese singer and model (Nogizaka46)
1994 - Aly Raisman, American gymnast
1999 - Brec Bassinger, American actress.
Deaths615 - Pope Boniface IV (born 550)
675 - Li Hong, Chinese prince (born 652)
709 - Aldhelm, English-Latin bishop, poet, and scholar (born 639)
992 - Mieszko I of Poland (born 935)
1085 - Pope Gregory VII (born 1020)
1261 - Pope Alexander IV (born 1185)
1452 - John Stafford, English archbishop and politician
1555 - Gemma Frisius, Dutch physician, mathematician, and cartographer (born 1508)
1555 - Henry II of Navarre (born 1503)
1595 - Valens Acidalius, German poet and critic (born 1567)
1595 - Philip Neri, Italian priest and saint (born 1515)
1632 - Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (born 1572)
1667 - Gustaf Bonde, Finnish-Swedish politician, 5th Lord High Treasurer of Sweden (born 1620)
1681 - Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish poet and playwright (born 1600)
1693 - Madame de La Fayette, French author (born 1634)
1741 - Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German bishop and theologian (born 1660)
1786 - Peter III of Portugal (born 1717)
1789 - Anders Dahl, Swedish botanist and physician (born 1751)
1797 - John Griffin, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Essex (born 1719)
1805 - William Paley, English priest and philosopher (born 1743)
1848 - Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German author and composer (born 1797)
1849 - Benjamin D'Urban, English general and politician, Governor of British Guiana (born 1777)
1895 - Ahmed Cevdet Pasha, Ottoman sociologist, historian, and jurist (born 1822)
1899 - Rosa Bonheur, French painter and sculptor (born 1822)
1912 - Austin Lane Crothers, American educator and politician, 46th Governor of Maryland (born 1860)
1919 - Eliza Pollock, American archer (born 1840)
1919 - Madam C. J. Walker, American businesswoman and philanthropist, founded the Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company (born 1867)
1924 - Lyubov Popova, Russian painter and illustrator (born 1889)
1926 - Symon Petliura, Ukrainian journalist and politician (born 1879)
1927 - Payne Whitney, American businessman and philanthropist (born 1876)
1930 - Randall Davidson, Scottish-English archbishop (born 1848)
1934 - Gustav Holst, English trombonist, composer, and educator (born 1874)
1937 - Henry Ossawa Tanner, American-French painter and illustrator (born 1859)
1939 - Frank Watson Dyson, English astronomer and academic (born 1868)
1940 - Joe De Grasse, Canadian-American actor and director (born 1873)
1942 - Emanuel Feuermann, Ukrainian-American cellist and educator (born 1902)
1943 - Nils von Dardel, Swedish painter (born 1888)
1946 - Marcel Petiot, French physician (born 1897)
1948 - Witold Pilecki, Polish officer and Resistance leader (born 1901)
1954 - Robert Capa, Hungarian photographer and journalist (born 1913)
1957 - Leo Goodwin, American swimmer, diver, and water polo player (born 1883)
1968 - Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (born 1881)
1970 - Tom Patey, Scottish mountaineer and author (born 1932)
1977 - Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian author (born 1904)
1979 - Itzhak Bentov, Czech-Israeli engineer, mystic, and author (born 1923)
1979 - Amédée Gordini, Italian-born French racing driver and sports car manufacturer (born 1899)
1979 - John Spenkelink, American murderer (born 1949)
1981 - Ruby Payne-Scott, Australian physicist and astronomer (born 1912)
1981 - Fredric Warburg, English author and publisher (born 1898)
1983 - Idris of Libya (born 1889)
1983 - Jean Rougeau, Canadian wrestler and manager (born 1925)
1983 - Jack Stewart, Canadian-American ice hockey player (born 1917)
1986 - Chester Bowles, American journalist and politician, 22nd Under Secretary of State (born 1901)
1990 - Vic Tayback, American actor (born 1930)
1993 - Buddhadasa, Thai monk and philosopher (born 1906)
1995 - Élie Bayol, French race car driver (born 1914)
1995 - Dany Robin, French actress and singer (born 1927)
1996 - Renzo De Felice, Italian historian and author (born 1929)
1996 - Bradley Nowell, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Sublime) (born 1968)
1998 - Laxmikant Kudalkar, Indian composer (born 1937)
2000 - Nicholas Clay, English actor (born 1946)
2001 - Alberto Korda, Cuban photographer (born 1928)
2002 - Pat Coombs, English actress (born 1926)
2003 - Jeremy Michael Ward, American singer and guitarist (The Mars Volta and De Facto) (born 1976)
2003 - Sloan Wilson, American author and poet (born 1920)
2004 - Roger Williams Straus, Jr., American publisher, co-founded Farrar, Straus and Giroux Publishing Company (born 1917)
2005 - Sunil Dutt, Indian actor, director, producer, and politician (born 1929)
2005 - Robert Jankel, English businessman, founded Panther Westwinds (born 1938)
2005 - Graham Kennedy, Australian actor and game show host (born 1934)
2006 - Desmond Dekker, Jamaican-English singer-songwriter (born 1941)
2007 - Laurie Bartram, American actress and dancer (born 1958)
2007 - Charles Nelson Reilly, American actor, singer, and director (born 1931)
2008 - J. R. Simplot, American businessman, founded Simplot (born 1909)
2008 - Camu Tao, American rapper and producer (The Weathermen) (born 1977)
2009 - Haakon Lie, Norwegian politician (born 1905)
2010 - Alexander Belostenny, Ukrainian basketball player (born 1959)
2010 - Michael H. Jordan, American businessman (born 1936)
2010 - Alan Hickinbotham, Australian footballer and coach (born 1925)
2010 - Siphiwo Ntshebe, South African tenor (born 1975)
2010 - Gabriel Vargas, Mexican painter and illustrator (born 1915)
2010 - Jarvis Williams, American football player and coach (born 1965)
2011 - Terry Jenner, Australian cricketer and coach (born 1944)
2012 - R. Dilip, Indian actor (born 1955)
2012 - William Hanley, American author and screenwriter (born 1931)
2012 - Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer (born 1919)
2012 - Peter D. Sieruta, American author and critic (born 1958)
2012 - Beatrice Sparks, American therapist and author (born 1917)
2012 - Lou Watson, American basketball player and coach (born 1924)
2013 - Tyrone Brunson, American singer (born 1956)
2013 - Gene Burns, American radio host (born 1940)
2013 - Mahendra Karma, Indian politician (born 1950)
2013 - Marshall Lytle, American bass player and songwriter (Bill Haley and His Comets and The Jodimars) (born 1933)
2013 - Nand Kumar Patel, Indian politician (born 1953)
2014 - David Allen, English cricketer (born 1935)
2014 - Bertha Gilkey, American activist (born 1949)
2014 - Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general and politician, 1st President of Poland (born 1923)
2014 - Herb Jeffries, American singer and actor (born 1913)
2014 - Toaripi Lauti, Tuvaluan educator and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Tuvalu (born 1928)
2014 - Matthew Saad Muhammad, American boxer and trainer (born 1954)
2014 - Malcolm Simmons, English motorcycle racer (born 1946)
2014 - Bunny Yeager, American model and photographer (born 1929)
2015 - George Braden, Canadian lawyer and politician, 2nd Premier of the Northwest Territories (born 1949)
2015 - Mary Ellen Mark, American photographer and journalist (born 1940)
2015 - John M. Murphy, American soldier and politician (born 1926)
2015 - Bill O'Herlihy, Irish sportscaster (born 1938)
2015 - Wallace Sampson, American physician and critic (born 1930)