On This Day

Today is 29 March 2017, and this is some of what happened.

Events

502 - King Gundobad issues a new legal code (Lex Burgundionum) at Lyon that makes Gallo-Romans and Burgundians subject to the same laws.
845 - Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.
1430 - The Ottoman Empire under Murad II captures the Byzantine city of Thessalonica.
1461 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton: Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England.
1500 - Cesare Borgia is given the title of Captain General and Gonfalonier by his father Rodrigo Borgia after returning from his conquests in the Romagna.
1549 - The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded.
1632 - Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.
1638 - Swedish colonists establish the first European settlement in Delaware, naming it New Sweden.
1683 - Yaoya Oshichi, 16-year-old Japanese girl, burnt at the stake for an act of arson committed due to unrequited love.
1792 - King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Opera 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
1806 - Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
1809 - King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
1831 - Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniaks rebel against Turkey.
1847 - Mexican–American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.
1849 - The United Kingdom annexes the Punjaborn
1857 - Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry mutinies against the East India Company's rule in India and inspires the protracted Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
1865 - American Civil War: Federal forces under Major General Philip Sheridan move to flank Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee as the Appomattox Campaign begins.
1867 - Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes the Dominion of Canada on July 1.
1871 - The Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.
1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
1882 - The Knights of Columbus are established.
1886 - Dr. John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta.
1911 - The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm.
1930 - Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.
1936 - In Germany, Adolf Hitler receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany's illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters.
1941 - The North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement goes into effect at 03:00 local time.
1941 - World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces defeat those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesian coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
1942 - The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II is the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
1945 - World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
1945 - World War II: The German 4th Army is almost destroyed by the Soviet Red Army.
1946 - Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México, one of Mexico's leading universities, is founded.
1947 - Malagasy Uprising against French colonial rule in Madagascar.
1951 - Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
1955 - United Nations Security Council Resolution 106 is adopted.
1957 - The New York, Ontario and Western Railway makes its final run, the first major U.S. railroad to be abandoned in its entirety.
1961 - The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, D.C., to vote in presidential elections.
1962 - Arturo Frondizi, the president of Argentina, is overthrown in a military coup by Argentina's armed forces, ending an 11½ day constitutional crisis.
1971 - My Lai Massacre: Lieutenant William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.
1971 - A Los Angeles jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers.
1973 - Vietnam War: The last United States combat soldiers leave South Vietnam.
1973 - Operation Barrel Roll, a covert US bombing campaign in Laos to stop communist infiltration of South Vietnam, ends.
1974 - NASA's Mariner 10 becomes the first space probe to fly by Mercury.
1974 - Local farmers in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China, discover the Terracotta Army that was buried with Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China, in the third century BCE.
1982 - The Canada Act 1982 receives the Royal Assent from Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982.
1984 - The Baltimore Colts load its possessions onto fifteen Mayflower moving trucks in the early morning hours and transfer its operations to Indianapolis.
1990 - The Czechoslovak parliament is unable to reach an agreement on what to call the country after the fall of Communism, sparking the so-called Hyphen War.
1993 - Catherine Callbeck becomes premier of Prince Edward Island and the first woman to be elected in a general election as premier of a Canadian province.
1999 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the 10,000 mark (10,006.78) for the first time, during the height of the dot-com bubble.
1999 - A magnitude 6.8 earthquake strikes the Chamoli district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, killing 103.
2002 - In reaction to the Passover massacre two days prior, Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield against Palestinian militants, its largest military operation in the West Bank since the 1967 Six-Day War.
2004 - Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
2004 - The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.
2006 - Solar eclipse of March 29, 2006
2010 - Two suicide bombers hit the Moscow Metro system at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40.
2013 - At least 36 people are killed when a 16-floor building collapses in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
2013 - A landslide kills 66 people in China's Tibet Autonomous Region near Lhasa.
2014 - The first same-sex marriages in England and Wales are performed.

Births

1187 - Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (died 1203)
1553 - Vitsentzos Kornaros, Greek poet and playwright (died 1614)
1584 - Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general and politician (died 1648)
1602 - John Lightfoot, English priest, scholar, and academic (died 1675)
1713 - John Ponsonby, Irish politician (died 1789)
1735 - Johann Karl August Musäus, German author (died 1787)
1747 - Johann Wilhelm Hässler, German pianist and composer (died 1822)
1751 - Supply Belcher, American singer-songwriter (died 1836)
1769 - Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult, French general and politician, 12th Prime Minister of France (died 1851)
1780 - Jørgen Jørgensen, Danish adventurer (died 1841)
1790 - John Tyler, American lawyer and politician, 10th President of the United States (died 1862)
1799 - Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (died 1869)
1802 - Johann Moritz Rugendas, German landscape painter of Spanish America (died 1858)
1815 - Costache Caragiale, Romanian actor and manager (died 1877)
1816 - 10th Dalai Lama (died 1837)
1819 - Edwin Drake, American businessman (died 1880)
1824 - Ludwig Büchner, German physiologist, physician, and philosopher (died 1899)
1826 - Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist and politician (died 1900)
1862 - Adolfo Müller-Ury, Swiss-American painter (died 1947)
1867 - Cy Young, American baseball player and manager (died 1955)
1870 - Pavlos Melas, French-Greek captain (died 1904)
1871 - Tom Hayward, English cricketer (died 1939)
1873 - Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician and academic (died 1941)
1874 - Lou Henry Hoover, American wife of Herbert Hoover, 33rd First Lady of the United States (died 1944)
1876 - Friedrich Traun, German sprinter and tennis player (died 1908)
1878 - Albert Von Tilzer, American songwriter (died 1956)
1884 - Ed Archibald, Canadian pole vaulter (died 1965)
1888 - Enea Bossi, Sr., Italian-American engineer, designed the Budd BB-1 Pioneer and Bossi-Bonomi Pedaliante (died 1963)
1889 - Warner Baxter, American actor (died 1951)
1889 - Howard Lindsay, American producer, playwright, librettist, director and actor (died 1968)
1891 - Yvan Goll, French-German poet and playwright (died 1950)
1891 - Alfred Neubauer, Czech race car driver and manager (died 1980)
1892 - József Mindszenty, Hungarian cardinal (died 1975)
1893 - Astrid Holm, Danish actress (died 1961)
1895 - Ernst Jünger, German philosopher and author (died 1998)
1899 - Lavrentiy Beria, Georgian-Russian general and politician (died 1953)
1900 - Bill Aston, English race car driver (died 1974)
1900 - John McEwen, Australian farmer and politician, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (died 1980)
1902 - Marcel Aymé, French author, playwright, and screenwriter (died 1967)
1902 - Don Miller, American football player and coach (died 1979)
1902 - William Walton, English composer (died 1983)
1903 - Douglas Harkness, Canadian colonel and politician, 14th Canadian Minister of National Defence (died 1999)
1903 - Arthur Negus, English television host (died 1985)
1905 - Philip Ahn, American actor (died 1978)
1906 - James Bausch, American decathlete and football player (died 1974)
1906 - E. Power Biggs, English-American organist and composer (died 1977)
1907 - Braguinha, Brazilian singer-songwriter and producer (died 2006)
1908 - Arthur O'Connell, American actor (died 1981)
1908 - Dennis O'Keefe, American actor and screenwriter (died 1968)
1911 - Tito Arévalo, Filipino actor and composer (died 2000)
1911 - Brigitte Horney, German actress and singer (died 1988)
1912 - Hanna Reitsch, Polish-German soldier and pilot (died 1979)
1913 - R. S. Thomas, Welsh priest and poet (died 2000)
1914 - Phil Foster, American actor and screenwriter (died 1985)
1914 - Chapman Pincher, Indian-English historian, journalist, and author (died 2014)
1916 - Peter Geach, English philosopher and academic (died 2013)
1916 - Eugene McCarthy, American poet and politician (died 2005)
1917 - Man o' War, American race horse (died 1947)
1918 - Pearl Bailey, American actress and singer (died 1990)
1918 - Sam Walton, American businessman, founded Walmart and Sam's Club (died 1992)
1919 - Eileen Heckart, American actress (died 2001)
1920 - John M. Belk, American businessman and politician (died 2007)
1920 - Clarke Fraser, American-Canadian geneticist and academic (died 2014)
1920 - Pierre Moinot, French author (died 2007)
1920 - Theodore Trautwein, American lawyer and judge (died 2000)
1921 - Sam Loxton, Australian cricketer, footballer, and politician (died 2011)
1923 - Geoff Duke, English-Manx motorcycle racer (died 2015)
1923 - Betty Binns Fletcher, American lawyer and judge (died 2012)
1923 - Bob Haymes, American singer-songwriter, and actor (died 1989)
1926 - Moshe Sanbar, Hungarian-Israeli banker and economist (died 2012)
1927 - John McLaughlin, American journalist and producer
1927 - John Vane, English pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (died 2004)
1928 - Romesh Bhandari, Pakistani-Indian politician, 13th Foreign Secretary of India (died 2013)
1928 - Keith Botsford, Belgian-American journalist, author, and academic
1928 - Vincent Gigante, American boxer and mobster (died 2005)
1929 - Utpal Dutt, Indian actor, director, and playwright (died 1993)
1929 - Sheila Kitzinger, English activist, author, and academic (died 2015)
1929 - Richard Lewontin, American biologist, geneticist, and academic
1929 - Lennart Meri, Estonian director and politician, 2nd President of Estonia (died 2006)
1930 - Anerood Jugnauth, Mauritian lawyer and politician, 4th President of Mauritius
1931 - Sopubek Begaliev, Kyrgyzstani economist and politician (died 2002)
1931 - Aleksei Gubarev, Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (died 2015)
1931 - Norman Tebbit, English journalist and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1933 - Jacques Brault, Canadian poet and academic
1934 - Shahryar Khan, Indian-Pakistani politician and diplomat, 20th Foreign Secretary of Pakistan
1934 - Nimal Mendis, Sri Lankan singer-songwriter (died 2015)
1935 - Ruby Murray, English singer and actress (died 1996)
1936 - Richard Rodney Bennett, English-American composer and educator (died 2012)
1936 - Mogens Camre, Danish politician
1936 - John A. Durkin, American lawyer and politician (died 2012)
1936 - Judith Guest, American author and screenwriter
1936 - Joseph P. Teasdale, American lawyer and politician, 48th Governor of Missouri (died 2014)
1937 - Billy Carter, American businessman and politician (died 1988)
1937 - Roberto Chabet, Filipino painter and sculptor (died 2013)
1937 - Smarck Michel, Haitian businessman and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Haiti (died 2012)
1938 - Barry Jackson, English actor and stuntman (died 2013)
1938 - Bert de Vries, Dutch politician
1939 - Roland Arnall, French-American businessman and diplomat, 63rd United States Ambassador to the Netherlands (died 2008)
1939 - Terence Hill, Italian actor, director, and producer
1940 - Ray Davis, American singer (The Parliaments, Parliament, and Funkadelic) (died 2005)
1940 - Astrud Gilberto, Brazilian singer-songwriter
1940 - John Suchet, English journalist and game show host
1941 - Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr., American astrophysicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate
1942 - Julie Goodyear, English actress
1942 - Bob Lurtsema, American football player
1942 - Scott Wilson, American actor
1943 - Vangelis, Greek keyboard player and songwriter (Aphrodite's Child and Jon and Vangelis)
1943 - Chad Allan, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Guess Who and Brave Belt)
1943 - Eric Idle, English actor
1943 - John Major, English banker and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1944 - Terry Jacks, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Poppy Family)
1944 - Denny McLain, American baseball player and sportscaster
1945 - Walt Frazier, American basketball player and sportscaster
1945 - Speedy Keen, English singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (Thunderclap Newman) (died 2002)
1945 - Willem Ruis, Dutch game show host (died 1986)
1946 - James Boyle, Scottish broadcaster
1946 - Paul Herman, American actor
1946 - Richard Holmes, English soldier and historian (died 2011)
1946 - Billy Thorpe, English-Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs) (died 2007)
1946 - Rigo Tovar, Mexican singer-songwriter and actor (died 2005)
1946 - Bruce Weber, American fashion photographer
1946 - Dennis Wolfberg, American comedian (died 1994)
1947 - Inge Bödding, German sprinter
1947 - Robert Gordon, American singer and actor (Tuff Darts)
1947 - Bobby Kimball, American singer-songwriter (Toto and Yoso)
1948 - Bud Cort, American actor, director, and screenwriter
1948 - Piet Souer, Dutch record producer, songwriter and arranger
1949 - Kayahan, Turkish singer-songwriter and producer (died 2015)
1949 - Michael Brecker, American saxophonist and composer (Steps Ahead and Parliament-Funkadelic) (died 2007)
1949 - Dave Greenfield, English Keyboard player (The Stranglers)
1949 - Pauline Marois, Canadian social worker and politician, 30th Premier of Quebec
1949 - Keith Simpson, English historian and politician
1950 - Mory Kanté, Guinean vocalist and player of the kora harp
1951 - William Clarke, American harmonica player (died 1996)
1952 - Rainer Bonhof, German footballer
1952 - Russell Fairfax, Australian rugby player and coach
1952 - John Hendricks, American businessman, founded Discovery Communications
1952 - Teófilo Stevenson, Cuban boxer and engineer (died 2012)
1953 - Tõnis Palts, Estonian politician, 39th Mayor of Tallinn
1954 - José Hoebee, Dutch female pop singer
1955 - Earl Campbell, American football player
1955 - Brendan Gleeson, Irish actor and director
1955 - Marina Sirtis, English-American actress and producer
1956 - Patty Donahue, American singer (The Waitresses) (died 1996)
1956 - Dick Jol, Dutch football referee
1956 - Kurt Thomas, American gymnast and actor
1957 - Elizabeth Hand, American author
1957 - Christopher Lambert, American-French actor
1957 - Simon Lee, English scholar and academic
1958 - Pedro Bial, Brazilian journalist and producer
1958 - Travis Childers, American businessman and politician
1958 - Fiona Reynolds, English academic
1958 - Nouriel Roubini, Turkish-American economist and academic
1958 - Victor Salva, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1958 - Marc Silvestri, American publisher, founded Top Cow Productions
1959 - Henry Bellingham, English lawyer and politician
1959 - Barry Blanchard, Canadian mountaineer
1959 - Perry Farrell, American singer-songwriter (Jane's Addiction, Porno for Pyros, Psi com, and Satellite Party)
1959 - Michael Hayes, American wrestler and singer
1959 - Brad McCrimmon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (died 2011)
1960 - Jo Nesbø, Norwegian singer-songwriter and skier (Di Derre)
1960 - Wayne Pearce, Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
1961 - Gary Brabham, English-Australian race car driver
1961 - Mike Kingery, American baseball player
1961 - Amy Sedaris, American actress and comedian
1961 - Michael Winterbottom, English director and producer
1962 - Billy Beane, American baseball player and manager
1962 - Dan Bittman, Romanian singer-songwriter (Iris)
1962 - Ted Failon, Filipino journalist and politician
1964 - Michael A. Jackson, American police officer and politician
1964 - Elle Macpherson, Australian model and actress
1964 - Ming Tsai, American chef and television host
1965 - Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic (died 2005)
1965 - Dominic Littlewood, English journalist
1965 - William Oefelein, American commander, pilot, and astronaut
1965 - Voula Patoulidou, Greek hurdler, long jumper, and politician
1966 - Jeroen Dijsselbloem, Dutch politician, president of the Board of Governors of the European Stability Mechanism
1966 - Eric Gunderson, American baseball player
1966 - Sigrid Kirchmann, Austrian high jumper
1967 - Michel Hazanavicius, French director, producer, and screenwriter
1967 - Brian Jordan, American baseball player and sportscaster
1967 - John Popper, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player (Blues Traveler and The John Popper Project)
1968 - Sue Foley, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1968 - Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress
1969 - Kim Batten, American hurdler
1969 - Shinichi Mochizuki, Japanese mathematician
1969 - Jimmy Spencer, American football player and coach
1971 - Robert Gibbs, American political adviser, 28th White House Press Secretary
1971 - Lara Logan, South African-American journalist
1971 - Hidetoshi Nishijima, Japanese actor
1972 - Rui Costa, Portuguese footballer
1972 - Piet-Hein Geeris, Dutch field hockey player
1972 - Alex Ochoa, Cuban-American baseball player and coach
1972 - Priti Patel, English politician
1972 - Junichi Suwabe, Japanese voice actor and singer
1973 - Marc Overmars, Dutch footballer and coach
1973 - Sebastiano Siviglia, Italian footballer
1973 - Steve Smith, English high jumper
1974 - Miguel Gómez, Colombian-American photographer and educator
1975 - Jan Bos, Dutch speedskater and sprint cyclist.
1975 - Jim Mahfood, American author and illustrator
1976 - Igor Astarloa, Spanish cyclist
1976 - Jennifer Capriati, American tennis player
1977 - Djabir Saïd-Guerni, Algerian runner
1978 - Pierre Faber, French-German rugby player
1978 - Aaron Persico, New Zealand-Italian rugby player
1979 - Estela Giménez, Spanish gymnast
1979 - Lauri Lahesalu, Estonian ice hockey player
1979 - Tomoe Shinohara, Japanese singer, actress, fashion designer, and producer
1980 - Chris D'Elia, American comedian, actor, writer and rapper
1980 - Bill Demong, American skier
1980 - Josh Logan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1980 - Bruno Silva, Uruguayan footballer
1981 - Megan Hilty, American actress and singer
1981 - Jlloyd Samuel, Trinidadian footballer
1982 - Anna Nagata, Japanese actress
1982 - Hideaki Takizawa, Japanese actor and singer (Tackey and Tsubasa)
1983 - Donald Cerrone, American mixed martial artist and kick-boxer
1983 - Darius Draudvila, Lithuanian decathlete
1983 - Yusuf Saad Kamel, Kenyan-Bahraini runner
1983 - Luiza Sá, Brazilian guitarist (Cansei de Ser Sexy)
1983 - Jamie Woon, English singer-songwriter and producer
1984 - Nate Adams, American motocross racer
1984 - Philippa Hanna, English singer-songwriter
1984 - Jenning Huizenga, Dutch professional racing cyclist
1984 - Juan Mónaco, Argentinian tennis player
1984 - Mai Satoda, Japanese singer (Country Musume, Ongaku Gatas, and Elegies)
1985 - Fernando Amorebieta, Venezuelan footballer
1985 - Maxim Lapierre, Canadian ice hockey player
1985 - Mickey Pimentel, American football player
1986 - Sylvan Ebanks-Blake, English footballer
1986 - Lucas Elliot Eberl, American actor and director
1986 - Yoo So-young, South Korean actress and singer (After School)
1986 - Ivan Ukhov, Russian high jumper
1987 - Danielle Byrnes, Australian model and actress
1987 - Gianluca Freddi, Italian footballer
1988 - Esther Cremer, German runner
1988 - Jesús Molina, Mexican footballer
1988 - Jürgen Zopp, Estonian tennis player
1989 - Arnold Peralta, Honduran footballer (died 2015)
1989 - James Tomkins, English footballer
1990 - Carlos Alberto Peña, Mexican footballer
1990 - Teemu Pukki, Finnish footballer
1990 - Mark Rajevski, Estonian ice hockey player
1990 - Lyle Taylor, English footballer
1991 - Fabio Borini, Italian footballer
1993 - Thorgan Hazard, Belgian footballer
1994 - Sulli, South Korean actress, singer, and dancer

Deaths

87 BC - Emperor Wu of Han of China (born 156 BC)
1058 - Pope Stephen IX (born 1020)
1368 - Emperor Go-Murakami of Japan (born 1328)
1461 - Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (born 1421)
1578 - Louis I, Cardinal of Guise (born 1527)
1578 - Arthur Champernowne, English admiral and politician (born 1524)
1628 - Tobias Matthew, English archbishop and academic (born 1546)
1629 - Jacob de Gheyn II, Dutch painter and engraver (born 1565)
1683 - Yaoya Oshichi, Japanese arsonist (born 1667)
1692 - Nicolaus Bruhns, Danish-German organist, violinist, and composer (born 1665)
1703 - George Frederick II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, (born 1678)
1751 - Thomas Coram, English captain and philanthropist, founded Foundling Hospital (born 1668)
1772 - Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish astronomer, philosopher, and theologian (born 1688)
1788 - Charles Wesley, English missionary and poet (born 1707)
1792 - Gustav III of Sweden (born 1746)
1800 - Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French general and engineer (born 1714)
1803 - Gottfried van Swieten, Dutch-Austrian librarian and diplomat (born 1733)
1826 - Johann Heinrich Voss, German poet, translator, and academic (born 1751)
1829 - Cornelio Saavedra, Argentinian general and politician (born 1759)
1848 - John Jacob Astor, German-American businessman (born 1763)
1855 - Henri Druey, Swiss politician, 2nd President of the Swiss Confederation (born 1799)
1873 - Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian priest and physicist (born 1797)
1888 - Charles-Valentin Alkan, French pianist and composer (born 1813)
1891 - Georges Seurat, French painter (born 1859)
1900 - Cyrus K. Holliday, American businessman (born 1826)
1906 - Slava Razkaj, Croatian painter (born 1878)
1911 - Alexandre Guilmant, French organist and composer (born 1837)
1912 - Henry Robertson Bowers, Scottish lieutenant and explorer (born 1883)
1912 - Robert Falcon Scott, English lieutenant and explorer (born 1868)
1912 - Edward Adrian Wilson, English physician and explorer (born 1872)
1924 - Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish composer and conductor (born 1852)
1934 - Otto Hermann Kahn, German-American banker and philanthropist (born 1867)
1940 - Alexander Obolensky, Russian-English rugby player and soldier (born 1916)
1948 - Harry Price, English parapsychologist and author (born 1881)
1948 - Olev Siinmaa, Estonian-Swedish architect (born 1881)
1956 - Infante Alfonso of Spain (born 1941)
1957 - Joyce Cary, Irish novelist (born 1888)
1959 - Barthélemy Boganda, Central African priest and politician, 1st Prime Minister of the Central Africa (born 1910)
1963 - Gaspard Fauteux, Canadian dentist and politician, 19th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (born 1898)
1963 - August Rei, Estonian soldier, journalist, and politician, 12th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (born 1886)
1970 - Anna Louise Strong, American journalist and author (born 1885)
1971 - Dhirendranath Datta, Pakistani lawyer and politician (born 1886)
1972 - J. Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank, English businessman, founded Rank Organisation (born 1888)
1974 - Joe Stecher, American wrestler (born 1893)
1979 - Yahya Petra of Kelantan (born 1917)
1980 - Mantovani, Italian-English conductor and composer (born 1905)
1981 - Eric Williams, Trinidadian historian and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (born 1911)
1982 - Walter Hallstein, German academic and politician, 1st President of the European Commission (born 1901)
1982 - Carl Orff, German composer and educator (born 1895)
1982 - Nathan Farragut Twining, American general (born 1897)
1985 - The Singing Nun, Belgian singer-songwriter and nun (born 1933)
1985 - Luther Terry, American physician and academic, 9th Surgeon General of the United States (born 1911)
1986 - Harold Ritz, American actor and singer (born 1907)
1988 - Maurice Blackburn, Canadian composer and conductor (born 1914)
1988 - Ted Kluszewski, American baseball player and coach (born 1924)
1989 - Bernard Blier, Argentinian-French actor (born 1916)
1991 - Lee Atwater, American politician (born 1951)
1991 - Guy Bourdin, French photographer (born 1928)
1992 - Paul Henreid, Italian-American actor and director (born 1908)
1994 - Bill Travers, English actor, director, and screenwriter (born 1922)
1995 - Jimmy McShane, Irish singer (Baltimora) (born 1957)
1995 - Mort Meskin, American illustrator (born 1916)
1995 - Terry Moore, American baseball player and coach (born 1912)
1996 - Frank Daniel, Czech-American director, producer, and screenwriter (born 1926)
1996 - Bill Goldsworthy, Canadian ice hockey player (born 1944)
1997 - Hans-Walter Eigenbrodt, German footballer and coach (born 1935)
1999 - Joe Williams, American singer (born 1918)
1999 - Gyula Zsengellér, Hungarian footballer (born 1915)
2001 - Helge Ingstad, Norwegian lawyer, academic, and explorer (born 1899)
2001 - John Lewis, American pianist and composer (Modern Jazz Quartet) (born 1920)
2002 - Ayat al-Akhras, Palestinian suicide bomber (born 1984)
2003 - Carlo Urbani, Italian physician and microbiologist (born 1956)
2004 - Joel Feinberg, American philosopher and academic (born 1926)
2004 - Simone Renant, French actress (born 1911)
2005 - Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (born 1937)
2005 - Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet and author (born 1919)
2006 - Salvador Elizondo, Mexican author and poet (born 1932)
2007 - Larry L'Estrange, English rugby player and soldier (born 1934)
2007 - Calvin Lockhart, Bahamian-American actor (born 1934)
2009 - Vladimir Fedotov, Russian footballer and manager (born 1943)
2009 - Monte Hale, American actor and musician (born 1919)
2009 - Andy Hallett, American actor and singer (born 1975)
2011 - Ângelo de Sousa, Portuguese painter and sculptor (born 1938)
2011 - Iakovos Kambanelis, Greek author, poet, playwright, and screenwriter (born 1921)
2012 - Borgia, German race horse (born 1994)
2012 - Montjeu, Irish race horse (born 1996)
2012 - Luke Askew, American actor (born 1932)
2012 - Pap Cheyassin Secka, Gambian lawyer and politician (born 1942)
2012 - Bill Jenkins, American race car driver and engineer (born 1930)
2012 - Oksana Makar, Ukrainian murder victim (born 1994)
2012 - John Mallison, Australian pastor and author (born 1929)
2012 - Michael Peterson, Australian surfer (born 1952)
2013 - Lawrence Auster, American blogger and author (born 1949)
2013 - Reginald Gray, Irish-French painter (born 1930)
2013 - Brian Huggins, English-Canadian journalist and actor (born 1931)
2013 - Enzo Jannacci, Italian singer-songwriter and actor (born 1935)
2013 - Liu Kang, Chinese footballer and manager (born 1961)
2013 - Ralph Klein, Canadian journalist and politician, 12th Premier of Alberta (born 1942)
2013 - Art Phillips, Canadian businessman and politician, 32nd Mayor of Vancouver (born 1930)
2014 - Hobart Alter, American businessman (born 1933)
2014 - Karl Spillman Forester, American lawyer and judge (born 1940)
2014 - Marc Platt, American actor and dancer (born 1913)
2015 - William Delafield Cook, Australian-English painter (born 1926)
2015 - Gerry Hardstaff, English cricketer (born 1940)
2016 - Patty Duke, American actress (born 1946)