On This Day

Today is 24 March 2017, and this is some of what happened.

Events

1401 - Turco-Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus.
1603 - James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England and Ireland, upon the death of Elizabeth I.
1603 - Tokugawa Ieyasu is granted the title of shogun from Emperor Go-Yozei, and establishes the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo, Japan.
1663 - The Province of Carolina is granted by charter to eight Lords Proprietor in reward for their assistance in restoring Charles II of England to the throne.
1707 - The Acts of Union 1707 are signed, officially uniting the Kingdoms and parliaments of England and Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1720 - Count Frederick of Hesse-Kassel is elected King of Sweden by the Riksdag of the Estates, after his consort Ulrika Eleonora abdicated the throne on 29 February. She had been wanting to rule jointly with her husband in the same manner as William and Mary in the British Isles, but after the Riksdag of the Estates said no to this, she chose to abdicate the throne in his favour instead.
1721 - Johann Sebastian Bach dedicated six concertos to Margrave Christian Ludwig of Brandenburg-Schwedt, now commonly called the Brandenburg Concertos, BWV 1046–1051.
1731 - Naturalization of Hieronimus de Salis Parliamentary Act is passed.
1765 - American Revolution: Great Britain passes the Quartering Act, which requires the Thirteen Colonies to house British troops.
1829 - Catholic emancipation: The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829, allowing Catholics to serve in Parliament.
1832 - In Hiram, Ohio, a group of men beat and tar and feather Mormon leader Joseph Smith.
1837 - Canada gives African Canadian men the right to vote.
1854 - Slavery is abolished in Venezuela.
1860 - Sakuradamon Incident: Assassination of Japanese Chief Minister (Tairi) Ii Naosuke.
1869 - The last of Titokowaru's forces surrendered to the New Zealand government, ending his uprising.
1878 - The British frigate HMS Eurydice sinks, killing more than 300.
1882 - Robert Koch announces the discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis.
1885 - Sino-French War: Chinese victory in the Battle of Bang Bo on the Tonkin/Guangxi border.
1896 - A. S. Popov makes the first radio signal transmission in history.
1900 - Mayor of New York City Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
1907 - The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro is published.
1927 - Nanking Incident: Foreign warships bombard Nanjing, China, in defense of the foreign citizens within the city.
1934 - United States Congress passes the Tydings/McDuffie Act, allowing the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth.
1944 - Ardeatine massacre: German troops murder 335 Italian civilians in Rome.
1944 - World War II: In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 Allied prisoners of war begin breaking out of the German camp Stalag Luft III.
1946 - The British Cabinet Mission, consisting of Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A. V. Alexander, arrives in India to discuss and plan for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian leadership.
1958 - Rock 'n' roll teen idol Elvis Presley is drafted in the U.S. Army.
1959 - The Party of the African Federation is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keïta.
1965 - NASA spacecraft Ranger 9, equipped to convert its signals into a form suitable for showing on domestic television, brings images of the Moon into ordinary homes before crash landing.
1972 - The United Kingdom imposes direct rule over Northern Ireland.
1973 - Kenyan athlete Kip Keino defeats Jim Ryun at the first-ever professional track meet in Los Angeles.
1976 - In Argentina, the armed forces overthrow the constitutional government of President Isabel Perón and start a 7-year dictatorial period self-styled the National Reorganization Process. Since 2006, a public holiday known as Day of Remembrance for Truth and Justice is held on this day.
1980 - Archbishop Óscar Romero is assassinated while celebrating Mass in San Salvador.
1986 - The Loscoe gas explosion leads to new UK laws on landfill gas migration and gas protection on landfill sites.
1989 - Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Prince William Sound in Alaska, the Exxon Valdez spills 240,000 barrels (38,000 m3) of crude oil after running aground.
1993 - Discovery of Comet Shoemaker/Levy 9.
1998 - Jonesboro massacre: Mitchell Johnson and Andrew Golden, aged 11 and 13 respectively, fire upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people are killed and ten are wounded.
1998 - A tornado sweeps through Dantan in India, killing 250 people and injuring 3000 others.
1998 - First Computer-assisted Bone Segment Navigation, performed at the University of Regensburg, Germany
1999 - Mont Blanc Tunnel fire kills 39 people.
1999 - Kosovo War: NATO commences aerial bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.
2000 - S and P 500 index reaches an intraday high of 1,552.87, a peak that, due to the collapse of the dot-com bubble, it will not reach again for another seven-and-a-half years.
2003 - The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.
2008 - Bhutan officially becomes a democracy, with its first ever general election.
2014 - A train overruns the buffers at Chicago O'Hare Airport station, injuring 32 people.
2015 - Germanwings Flight 9525 crashes in the French Alps in an apparent mass murder-suicide, killing all 150 people on board.

Births

1494 - Georgius Agricola, German mineralogist and scholar (died 1555)
1607 - Michiel de Ruyter, Dutch admiral (died 1667)
1628 - Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (died 1685)
1657 - Arai Hakuseki, Japanese academic and politician (died 1725)
1693 - John Harrison, English carpenter and clock-maker, invented the Marine chronometer (died 1776)
1725 - Samuel Ashe, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of North Carolina (died 1813)
1725 - Thomas Cushing, American lawyer and politician, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (died 1788)
1740 - John Antes, American missionary and composer (died 1811)
1755 - Rufus King, American lawyer and politician, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (died 1827)
1762 - Marcos Portugal, Portuguese organist and composer (died 1830)
1775 - Muthuswami Dikshitar, Indian poet and composer (died 1835)
1782 - Orest Kiprensky, Russian-Italian painter (died 1836)
1796 - John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian businessman and politician (died 1878)
1803 - Egerton Ryerson, Canadian minister, educator, and politician (died 1882)
1808 - Maria Malibran, Spanish-French soprano (died 1836)
1809 - Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and author (died 1837)
1809 - Joseph Liouville, French mathematician and academic (died 1882)
1820 - Edmond Becquerel, French physicist and academic (died 1891)
1820 - Fanny Crosby, American poet and composer (died 1915)
1823 - Thomas Spencer Baynes, English philosopher and critic (died 1887)
1826 - Matilda Joslyn Gage, American activist and author (died 1898)
1828 - Horace Gray, American lawyer and jurist (died 1902)
1829 - George Francis Train, American businessman (died 1904)
1829 - Ignacio Zaragoza, Mexican general (died 1862)
1830 - Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet and playwright (died 1889)
1834 - William Morris, English poet, author, and translator (died 1896)
1834 - John Wesley Powell, American soldier, geologist, and explorer (died 1902)
1835 - Joseph Stefan, Austrian physicist, mathematician, and poet (died 1893)
1848 - Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, 18th Mayor of Montreal (died 1906)
1850 - Silas Hocking, English minister and author (died 1935)
1855 - Andrew W. Mellon, American banker, financier, and diplomat, 49th United States Secretary of the Treasury (died 1937)
1855 - Olive Schreiner, South African author and activist (died 1920)
1862 - Frank Weston Benson, American painter and educator (died 1951)
1869 - Émile Fabre, French author and playwright (died 1955)
1871 - Alec Hurley, English music hall singer (died 1913)
1874 - Luigi Einaudi, Italian economist and politician, 2nd President of the Italian Republic (died 1961)
1874 - Harry Houdini, Hungarian-American magician and actor (died 1926)
1875 - William Burns, Canadian lacrosse player (died 1953)
1879 - Neyzen Tevfik, Turkish philosopher, poet, and composer (died 1953)
1882 - Marcel Lalu, French gymnast (died 1951)
1882 - George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway, English politician, 5th Governor-General of New Zealand (died 1943)
1884 - Peter Debye, Dutch-American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1966)
1884 - Eugène Tisserant, French cardinal (died 1972)
1885 - Charles Daniels, American swimmer (died 1973)
1886 - Edward Weston, American photographer (died 1958)
1886 - Robert Mallet-Stevens, French architect and designer (died 1945)
1887 - Roscoe Arbuckle, American actor, director, and screenwriter (died 1933)
1888 - Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian politician (died 1922)
1889 - Albert Hill, English-Canadian runner (died 1969)
1890 - Agnes Macphail, Canadian educator and politician (died 1954)
1891 - Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Russian physicist and academic (died 1951)
1892 - Marston Morse, American mathematician and academic (died 1977)
1893 - Walter Baade, German astronomer and author (died 1960)
1893 - George Sisler, American baseball player and scout (died 1973)
1897 - Wilhelm Reich, Austrian-American psychotherapist and academic (died 1957)
1901 - Ub Iwerks, American animator, director, and producer, co-created Mickey Mouse (died 1971)
1902 - Thomas E. Dewey, American lawyer and politician, 47th Governor of New York (died 1971)
1903 - Adolf Butenandt, German biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1995)
1903 - Malcolm Muggeridge, English journalist, author, and scholar (died 1990)
1905 - Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino author and diplomat (died 2007)
1906 - Klavdiya Shulzhenko, Ukrainian-Russian singer (died 1984)
1907 - Paul Sauvé, Canadian lawyer and politician, 17th Premier of Quebec (died 1960)
1909 - Clyde Barrow, American criminal (died 1934)
1910 - Richard Conte, American actor, singer, and director (died 1975)
1911 - Joseph Barbera, American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Hanna-Barbera (died 2006)
1912 - Dorothy Height, American educator and activist (died 2010)
1915 - Eugène Martin, French racing driver (died 2006)
1915 - "Gorgeous George" Wagner, American wrestler (died 1963)
1916 - Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American soldier and author (died 2006)
1916 - Harry born Whittington, English palaeontologist and academic (died 2010)
1917 - Constantine Andreou, Brazilian-Greek painter and sculptor (died 2007)
1917 - John Kendrew, English biochemist and crystallographer, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1997)
1918 - Camila Ashland, American actress
1919 - Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American poet and publisher, co-founded City Lights Bookstore
1919 - Robert Heilbroner, American economist and historian (died 2005)
1920 - Bill Irwin, Canadian skier and soldier (died 2013)
1920 - Carlo Monti, Italian sprinter
1920 - Gene Nelson, American actor, director, and screenwriter (died 1996)
1920 - Mary Stolz, American author (died 2006)
1921 - Franciszek Blachnicki, Polish-German priest (died 1987)
1921 - Vasily Smyslov, Russian chess player (died 2010)
1922 - T. M. Soundararajan, Indian singer and actor (died 2013)
1922 - Onna White, Canadian dancer and choreographer (died 2005)
1923 - Murray Hamilton, American actor (died 1986)
1923 - Michael Legat, English author and publisher (died 2011)
1924 - Norman Fell, American actor (died 1998)
1925 - Puig Aubert, German-French rugby league player and coach (died 1994)
1926 - Desmond Connell, Irish cardinal
1926 - Dario Fo, Italian playwright, actor, director, and composer Nobel Prize laureate
1926 - William Porter, American hurdler (died 2000)
1926 - Ventsislav Yankov, Bulgarian pianist and educator
1927 - John Woodland Hastings, American biochemist and academic (died 2014)
1927 - Martin Walser, German author and playwright
1928 - Byron Janis, American pianist and composer
1929 - Pat Renella, American actor (died 2012)
1930 - David Dacko, Central African politician, 1st President of the Central African Republic (died 2003)
1930 - Agustín González, Spanish actor (died 2005)
1930 - Steve McQueen, American actor and producer (died 1980)
1931 - Hanno Drechsler, German educator and politician, Mayor of Marburg (died 2003)
1931 - Connie Hines, American actress (died 2009)
1932 - Christiane Eda-Pierre, Martinican-French soprano and actress
1933 - Stephen De Staebler, American sculptor and educator (died 2011)
1933 - William Smith, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1935 - Peret, Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist (died 2014)
1935 - Mary Berry, English television host and author
1935 - Carol Kaye, American bass player (The Wrecking Crew)
1935 - Peter Bichsel, Swiss-German journalist and author
1936 - David Suzuki, Canadian environmentalist and academic
1937 - Lynn Borden, American model and actress (died 2015)
1937 - Billy Stewart, American singer and pianist (died 1970)
1938 - Don Covay, American singer-songwriter (died 2015)
1938 - Holger Czukay, Polish-German bass player (Can)
1938 - David Irving, English historian and author
1939 - Lynda Baron, English actress and singer
1940 - Don Jardine, Canadian wrestler and trainer (died 2006)
1940 - Bob Mackie, American fashion designer
1941 - Michael Masser, American songwriter, composer and producer (died 2015)
1944 - R. Lee Ermey, American sergeant and actor
1944 - Vojislav Koltunica, Serbian academic and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Serbia
1945 - Robert T. Bakker, American paleontologist and academic
1945 - Curtis Hanson, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1945 - Patrick Malahide, English actor and screenwriter
1946 - Klaus Dinger, German guitarist and songwriter (Neu!, La Düsseldorf, and Kraftwerk) (died 2008)
1946 - Kitty O'Neil, American stuntwoman
1947 - Dennis Erickson, American football player and coach
1947 - Christine Gregoire, American lawyer and politician, 22nd Governor of Washington
1947 - Mick Jones, English footballer and coach
1947 - Alan Sugar, English businessman
1948 - Javier Diez Canseco, Peruvian sociologist and politician (died 2013)
1948 - Anatoli Krikun, Estonian basketball player and coach
1948 - Jerzy Kukuczka, Polish mountaineer (died 1989)
1948 - Lee Oskar, Danish harmonica player and songwriter (War and Lowrider Band)
1948 - Barbara Pearse, English biologist and academic
1949 - Tabitha King, American author and poet
1949 - Ruud Krol, Dutch footballer and coach
1949 - Steve Lang, Canadian bass player (April Wine and Mashmakhan)
1949 - Nick Lowe, English singer-songwriter and producer (Rockpile and Little Village)
1949 - Ali Akbar Salehi, Iranian academic and politician, 36th Foreign Affairs Minister of Iran
1949 - Ranil Wickremesinghe, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka
1950 - Gary Wichard, American football player and agent (died 2011)
1951 - Peter Boyle, Scottish-Australian footballer and manager (died 2013)
1951 - Pat Bradley, American golfer
1951 - Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer, founded the Tommy Hilfiger Corporation
1951 - Dougie Thomson, Scottish bass player (Supertramp and The Alan Bown Set)
1952 - Greg McCrary, American football player (died 2013)
1952 - Quim Monzó, Catalan writer
1953 - Anita L. Allen, American lawyer, philosopher, and academic
1953 - Louie Anderson, American comedian, actor, and game show host
1954 - Robert Carradine, American actor and producer
1954 - Donna Pescow, American actress and director
1955 - Doug Jarvis, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1955 - Mart Kadastik, Estonian journalist
1955 - Pat Price, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1956 - Steve Ballmer, American businessman
1956 - Bill Wray, American cartoonist and painter
1957 - Gilles Baril, Canadian politician
1957 - Pierre Harvey, Canadian cyclist and skier
1957 - Pat Jarvis, Australian rugby league player
1958 - Mike Woodson, American basketball player and coach
1959 - Emmit King, American sprinter
1959 - Renaldo Nehemiah, American hurdler and football player
1959 - Derek Statham, English footballer
1960 - Nena, German singer-songwriter and actress (Nena)
1960 - Jan Berglin, Swedish cartoonist
1960 - Barry Horowitz, American wrestler
1960 - Kelly Le Brock, American model and actress
1960 - Grayson Perry, English potter
1960 - Scott Pruett, American race car driver
1960 - Annabella Sciorra, American actress and producer
1961 - Dean Jones, Australian cricketer and coach
1961 - Yanis Varoufakis, Greek economist and politician, Greek Minister of Finance
1962 - Angèle Dubeau, Canadian violinist
1962 - Star Jones, American lawyer, journalist, and talk show host
1962 - Irina Meszynski, German discus thrower
1963 - Raimond van der Gouw, Dutch footballer and coach
1963 - Vadym Tyshchenko, Ukrainian footballer and manager (died 2015)
1963 - Torsten Voss, German decathlete and bobsledder
1965 - Peter Jacobson, American actor
1965 - Kaido Kalm, Estonian ice hockey player
1965 - Patrick Scales, German bass player and educator
1965 - The Undertaker, American wrestler and actor
1966 - Floyd Heard, American sprinter and coach
1968 - Minarti Timur, Indonesian badminton player
1970 - Lara Flynn Boyle, American actress
1970 - Sharon Corr, Irish singer-songwriter and violinist (The Corrs)
1970 - Christopher Daniels, American wrestler and actor
1970 - Judith Draxler, Austrian swimmer
1970 - Erica Kennedy, American journalist and author (died 2012)
1970 - Mike Vanderjagt, Canadian-American football player
1971 - Megyn Price, American actress
1972 - Christophe Dugarry, French footballer
1972 - Steve Karsay, American baseball player and coach
1973 - Philippe Boucher, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
1973 - Steve Corica, Australian footballer and coach
1973 - Mette Jacobsen, Danish swimmer
1973 - Glen Jakovich, Australian footballer
1973 - Jim Parsons, American actor
1974 - Sergey Klyugin, Russian high jumper
1975 - Krisdayanti, Indonesian singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
1975 - Thomas Johansson, Swedish-Monacan tennis player
1975 - Davor Vugrinec, Croatian footballer
1976 - Aaron Brooks, American football player
1976 - Aliou Cissé, Senegalese footballer and coach
1976 - Athanasios Kostoulas, Greek footballer
1976 - Peyton Manning, American football player and entrepreneur
1977 - Corneille, Rwandan-German singer-songwriter
1977 - Jessica Chastain, American actress
1977 - Darren Lockyer, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
1978 - Michael Braun, Australian footballer and coach
1978 - Kaori Mochida, Japanese singer-songwriter (Every Little Thing)
1979 - Lake Bell, American actress and director
1979 - Norris Hopper, American baseball player
1979 - Periklis Iakovakis, Greek hurdler
1979 - Graeme Swann, English cricketer
1980 - Tassos Venetis, Greek footballer
1981 - Mike Adams, American football player
1981 - Ron Hainsey, American ice hockey player
1981 - Dirk Hayhurst, American baseball player
1981 - Mark Looms, Dutch footballer
1981 - Gary Paffett, English race car driver
1982 - Epico, Puerto Rican-American wrestler
1982 - Corey Hart, American baseball player
1982 - Jimmy Hempte, Belgian footballer
1982 - Christian Hug, German rugby player
1982 - Dustin McGowan, American baseball player
1982 - Jack Swagger, American wrestler
1983 - Luca Ceccarelli, Italian footballer
1983 - T. J. Ford, American basketball player
1983 - Riccardo Musetti, Italian footballer
1983 - Pierre-Alexandre Parenteau, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 - Benoît Assou-Ekotto, French-Cameroonian footballer
1984 - Park Bom, South Korean singer, dancer, and actress (2NE1)
1984 - Chris Bosh, American basketball player
1984 - Adrian D'Souza, Indian field hockey player
1984 - Lucy Wangui Kabuu, Kenyan runner
1985 - Haruka Ayase, Japanese actress and singer
1985 - Frederico Gil, Portuguese tennis player
1985 - Sayaka Hirano, Japanese table tennis player
1986 - Valentin Chmerkovskiy, Ukrainian-American professional dancer and choreographer
1986 - Kohei Hirate, Japanese race car driver
1986 - Tony McMahon, English footballer
1987 - Ramires, Brazilian footballer
1987 - Shakib Al Hasan, Bangladeshi cricketer
1987 - Yuma Asami, Japanese model and actress
1987 - Billy Jones, English footballer
1987 - Josh Zeid, American baseball player
1988 - Aiga Grabuste, Latvian heptathlete
1988 - Ryan Higgins, Zimbabwean cricketer
1988 - Matías Martínez, Argentinian footballer
1988 - Kardo Ploomipuu, Estonian swimmer
1989 - Aziz Shavershian, Russian-Australian bodybuilder and model (died 2011)
1990 - Keisha Castle-Hughes, Australian-New Zealand actress
1990 - Starlin Castro, American baseball player
1990 - Libby Clegg, English runner
1991 - Nick Browne, English cricketer
1994 - Anna Hämäläinen, Russian-Finnish runner
1995 - Enzo Fernández, French-Spanish footballer

Deaths

809 - Harun al-Rashid, Arab caliph (born 763)
1284 - Hugh III of Cyprus (born 1235)
1381 - Catherine of Vadstena, Swedish saint (born 1332)
1396 - Walter Hilton, English mystic and saint (born 1340)
1455 - Pope Nicholas V (born 1397)
1563 - Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese daimyo (born 1514)
1575 - Joseph ben Ephraim Karo, Spanish-Portuguese rabbi and author (born 1488)
1603 - Elizabeth I of England (born 1533)
1653 - Samuel Scheidt, German organist and composer (born 1587)
1773 - Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, English politician, Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard (born 1694)
1776 - John Harrison, English carpenter and clockmaker, invented the Marine chronometer (born 1693)
1824 - Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux, French lawyer (born 1753)
1838 - Abraham Hume, English floriculturist and Tory politician (born 1748/49)
1869 - Antoine-Henri Jomini, French-Russian general (born 1779)
1881 - Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist and mineralogist (born 1817)
1882 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet and educator (born 1807)
1887 - Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and critic (born 1837)
1888 - Vsevolod Garshin, Russian author (born 1855)
1905 - Jules Verne, French novelist, poet, and playwright (born 1828)
1909 - John Millington Synge, Irish playwright and poet (born 1871)
1915 - Margaret Lindsay Huggins, Irish-English astronomer (born 1848)
1915 - Karol Olszewski, Polish chemist, mathematician, and physicist (born 1846)
1916 - Enrique Granados, Spanish pianist and composer (born 1867)
1926 - Phan Chu Trinh, Vietnamese activist (born 1872)
1940 - Édouard Branly, French physicist and academic (born 1844)
1944 - Orde Wingate, Indian-English general (born 1903)
1946 - Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (born 1892)
1946 - Carl Schuhmann, German gymnast, shot putter, and jumper (born 1869)
1948 - Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish painter and illustrator (born 1885)
1950 - James Rudolph Garfield, American lawyer and politician, 23rd United States Secretary of the Interior (born 1865)
1953 - Mary of Teck (born 1867)
1962 - Jean Goldkette, French-American pianist and bandleader (born 1899)
1962 - Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist and explorer (born 1884)
1968 - Alice Guy-Blaché, American actress (born 1873)
1971 - Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect, designed the Radisson Blu Royal Hotel and Aarhus City Hall (born 1902)
1971 - Arthur Metcalfe, Australian public servant (born 1895)
1976 - Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, English field marshal (born 1887)
1980 - Óscar Romero, Salvadoran archbishop (born 1917)
1984 - Sam Jaffe, American actor (born 1891)
1985 - Arthur D. Nicholson, American soldier (born 1947)
1985 - Raoul Ubac, French painter, sculptor, photographer and engraver (born 1910)
1988 - Roger Loyer, French motorcycle road racer and racing driver (born 1907)
1990 - Ray Goulding, American comedian and radio host (born 1922)
1991 - John Kerr, Australian lawyer and politician, 18th Governor-General of Australia (born 1914)
1993 - Albert Arlen, Australian pianist, composer, actor, and playwright (born 1905)
1993 - John Hersey, American journalist and author (born 1914)
1995 - Joseph Needham, English sinologist, historian, and academic (born 1900)
1997 - Martin Caidin, American author and talk show host (born 1927)
1997 - Dr. Bill Miller, American wrestler (born 1927)
1999 - Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German politician (born 1902)
1999 - Birdie Tebbetts, American baseball player and manager (born 1912)
1999 - Pierlucio Tinazzi, Italian security guard (born 1962)
2001 - Muriel Young, English television host and producer (born 1928)
2002 - César Milstein, Argentinian-English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1927)
2002 - Bob Said, American race car driver and bobsledder (born 1932)
2003 - Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian cardinal (born 1919)
2006 - Lynne Perrie, English actress and singer (born 1931)
2006 - Rudra Rajasingham, Sri Lankan police officer and diplomat (born 1926)
2008 - Chalmers Alford, American guitarist (born 1955)
2008 - Neil Aspinall, Welsh-English record producer and manager (born 1941)
2008 - Rafael Azcona, Spanish author and screenwriter (born 1926)
2008 - Hal Riney, American businessman, founded Publicis and Hal Riney (born 1932)
2008 - Richard Widmark, American actor and producer (born 1914)
2009 - George Kell, American baseball player and sportscaster (born 1922)
2009 - Hans Klenk, German race car driver (born 1919)
2009 - Gábor Ocskay, Hungarian ice hockey player (born 1975)
2010 - Robert Culp, American actor, director, and screenwriter (born 1930)
2010 - Jim Marshall, American photographer (born 1936)
2012 - Iqbal Bahu, Pakistani singer (born 1944)
2012 - Vigor Bovolenta, Italian volleyball player (born 1974)
2012 - Paul Callaghan, New Zealand physicist and academic (born 1947)
2012 - Vince Lovegrove, Australian singer, producer, and journalist (The Valentines) (born 1947)
2012 - Marion Marlowe, American actress and singer (born 1929)
2012 - Nick Noble, American singer-songwriter (born 1926)
2012 - Jose Prakash, Indian actor and singer (born 1925)
2012 - Jocky Wilson, Scottish darts player (born 1950)
2013 - Barbara Anderson, New Zealand author (born 1926)
2013 - Inge Lønning, Norwegian theologian, academic, and politician (born 1938)
2013 - Gury Marchuk, Russian physicist, mathematician, and academic (born 1925)
2013 - Paolo Ponzo, Italian footballer (born 1972)
2013 - Deke Richards, American songwriter and producer (born 1944)
2013 - Mohamed Yousri Salama, Egyptian dentist and politician (born 1974)
2013 - Francis Hovell-Thurlow-Cumming-Bruce, 8th Baron Thurlow, English diplomat (born 1912)
2014 - Oleksandr Muzychko, Ukrainian activist (born 1962)
2014 - Paulo Schroeber, Brazilian guitarist (Almah and Astafix) (born 1973)
2014 - John Rowe Townsend, English author and scholar (born 1922)
2014 - David A. Trampier, American illustrator (born 1954)
2015 - Yehuda Avner, English-Israeli diplomat (born 1928)
2015 - Scott Clendenin, American bass player (Control Denied and Death) (born 1967)
2015 - notable deaths of the Germanwings Flight 9525 crash:
2016 - Johan Cruyff, Dutch footballer (born 1947)
2016 - Garry Shandling, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (born 1949)